MOGADISHU DECLARATION ON REGIONAL COOPERATION ON THE CURRENT DROUGH
Feb 22, 2017
Mogadishu- Wednesday 22 February 2016- The
following joint declaration was made in Mogadishu by H.E. Ismaïl Omar
Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti, H.E. Hailemariam
Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia,
H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, and H.E.
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia.
1. We have come together as the heads of
government of four countries in a region facing significant stress as a
result of the current drought. Multiple seasons of failed rains and
global weather patterns have, yet again, negatively affected the
resilience mechanisms of millions of our people. This is evident in the
immediate humanitarian crisis facing us today and will show up in longer
term socio-economic vulnerability in communities that today are selling
all their assets and uprooting their families for survival.
2. This situation, which may worsen in Somalia and result in a
renewed famine over the coming months, could also have security and
political implications in our region and beyond, as coping mechanisms
are eroded and tensions over dwindling resources risks sparking
conflict. Scores of people are moving both within countries and across
borders in the hope of increasing their chances of survival. This
upheaval is taking a particularly heavy toll on children and women, and
makes people vulnerable to exploitation, human rights abuses and to
criminal and terrorist networks. Drought-related disease outbreaks and
inter-communal conflict are already on the rise.
3. While each of our governments is mobilising to respond, the dire
situation calls for international collaboration and regional partnership
between governments, civil society, aid organisations, business and
4. We commit ourselves to regional cooperation to facilitate a more comprehensive response and strong partnership.
5. We commit to strengthening our cross-border collaboration and our
efforts to establish security and stability in Somalia to ensure an
effective response to the drought and to enable further progress in
peace building and state building in Somalia. We further commit to the
provision of appropriate protection and assistance to those compelled to
leave their areas of origin as a consequence of the drought, including
those who have fled to neighbouring countries.
6. We will be consulting on a regular basis to review progress on
these issues, and to agree upon any necessary collective action that
will help our countries and region respond to this emergency.
Furthermore, we have instructed our respective foreign ministers and
drought response teams to work together and keep us briefed.
7. In the longer term, we commit to working together bilaterally and
through existing regional bodies such as IGAD, the African Union as well
as the United Nations to address the underlying structural issues that
commonly affect our economies, environments and communities, including
cross-border rangeland and water resource management.